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RULES

  1. Introduction
  2. MA Structure
  3. General Competition Rules And Making Rule Changes
  4. Jurisdiction s
    1. 1.1 Definitions
    2. 1.2 Purpose of Rules
    3. 1.3 Repeal of Current Gcrs
    4. 1.4 by Laws
  5. Administration s
    1. 2.1 The Controlling Bodies
    2. 2.2 Sports Development Levy
    3. 2.3 Sports Development Account
    4. 2.4 Officials
  6. Licensing s
    1. 3.1 Licensing Requirements
    2. 3.2 Licensing General
    3. 3.3 Licensing Seniors
    4. 3.4 Licensing Juniors
    5. 3.5 Licensing Entrants
    6. 3.6 Licensing Speedway Mechanics
    7. 3.7 Licence Issuing And Renewals
    8. 3.8 Junior Coaching Program
  7. Competitions s
    1. 4.1 Venues
    2. 4.2 The Promotion And Conduct of Competitions
    3. 4.3 MA Events
    4. 4.4 Protocols
  8. Alternative Forms of Competition s
    1. 5.1 Alternative Activities
    2. 5.2 Venues Alternative Activities
    3. 5.3 Permits : Alternative Activities
    4. 5.4 Supplementary Regulations Alternative Activities
    5. 5.5 Licensing of Competitors Alternative Activities
    6. 5.6 Technical Specifications Alternative Activities
  9. Recreational Motorcycle Activity s
    1. 6.1 Purpose
    2. 6.2 Recreational Activities
    3. 6.3 Controlling Bodies Recreational Activities
    4. 6.4 Officials Recreational Activities
    5. 6.5 Venues Recreational Activities
    6. 6.6 The Promotion And Conduct of Recreational Activity
    7. 6.7 Permits Recreational Activities
    8. 6.8 Entries
    9. 6.9 Licensing of Participants
  10. Offences Protests And Appeals s
    1. 7.1 Offences
    2. 7.2 Protests
    3. 7.3 Appellate Bodies
    4. 7.4 Appeals
  11. Judicial Committee Guidelines s
    1. 8.1 MA Hearing Guidelines
  12. National Personal Accident Insurance s
    1. 12.1 Summary of Policy Coverage
    2. 12.2 Capital Benefits
    3. 12.3 Weekly Benefits
    4. 12.4 Definitions
  13. Road Racing s
    1. SECTION 13 A: AUSTRALIAN CHAMPIONSHIPS
    2. SECTION 13 B: COMPETITION CLASSES
    3. SECTION 13C: COMPETITION RULES
    4. SECTION 13 D: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS
    5. SECTION 13 E: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS: SOLO CLASSES
    6. SECTION 13 F: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS: SIDECARS
    7. SECTION 13 G: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS: JUNIOR CLASSES
    8. SECTION 13 H: MINIMOTO
  14. Historic Road Racing s
    1. SECTION 14 A: AUSTRALIAN CHAMPIONSHIPS
    2. SECTION 14 B: COMPETITION CLASSES
    3. SECTION 14 C: COMPETITION RULES
    4. SECTION 14 D: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS: GENERAL
    5. SECTION 14E: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS: PERIOD
  15. Motocross And Supercross s
    1. SECTION 15 A: AUSTRALIAN CHAMPIONSHIPS
    2. SECTION 15 B: COMPETITION CLASSES
    3. SECTION 15 C: COMPETITION RULES
    4. SECTION 15 D: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS
  16. Classic Motocross And Dirt Track s
    1. SECTION 16 A: AUSTRALIAN CHAMPIONSHIPS
    2. Section 16 B Competition Classes
    3. SECTION 16 C: COMPETITION RULES
    4. SECTION 16 D TECHNICAL REGULATIONS
  17. Enduro And Reliability Trials s
    1. SECTION 17A: AUSTRALIAN CHAMPIONSHIPS
    2. SECTION 17B: COMPETITION CLASSES
    3. SECTION 17C: COMPETITION RULES
    4. SECTION 17D: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS
    5. SECTION 17E: AUSTRALIAN FOUR-DAY ENDURO CHAMPIONSHIPS
  18. ATV s
    1. SECTION 18A: AUSTRALIAN CHAMPIONSHIPS
    2. SECTION 18B: COMPETITION CLASSES
    3. SECTION 18C: COMPETITION RULES
    4. SECTION 18D: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS
  19. Speedway s
    1. SECTION 19A: AUSTRALIAN CHAMPIONSHIPS
    2. SECTION 19B: AUSTRALIAN SPEEDWAY CHAMPIONSHIP
    3. SECTION 19C: AUSTRALIAN TEAM CHAMPIONSHIPS
    4. SECTION 19D: COMPETITION RULES
    5. SECTION 19E: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS
  20. Dirt Track s
    1. SECTION 20A: AUSTRALIAN CHAMPIONSHIPS
    2. SECTION 20B: COMPETITION CLASSES
    3. SECTION 20C: COMPETITION RULES
    4. SECTION 20D: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS
  21. Track s
    1. SECTION 21A: AUSTRALIAN CHAMPIONSHIPS
    2. SECTION 21B: COMPETITION CLASSES
    3. SECTION 21C: COMPETITION RULES
    4. SECTION 21D: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS
  22. Supermoto s
    1. SECTION 22A: AUSTRALIAN CHAMPIONSHIPS
    2. SECTION 22B: COMPETITION CLASSES
    3. Section 22c Competition Rules
    4. SECTION 22D: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS
  23. Trial s
    1. SECTION 23A: AUSTRALIAN CHAMPIONSHIP
    2. SECTION 23B: COMPETITION CLASSES
    3. SECTION 23C: COMPETITION RULES
    4. SECTION 23D: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS
    5. SECTION 23E: CLASS TECHNICAL REGULATIONS
  24. Minikhana s
    1. SECTION 24A: MINIKHANA CLASSES
    2. SECTION 24B: COMPETITION RULES
    3. SECTION 24C: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS
    4. SECTION 24D: MINIKHANA COURSES
  25. Policies s
    1. 25.1 Member Protection Policy
    2. 25.2 Anti-doping Policy
    3. 25.3 Anti Match-fixing Policy
    4. 25.4 Privacy Regulation
    5. 25.5 Occupational Health and Safety Policy
    6. 25.6 Environmental Sustainability Policy
    7. 25.7 National Team Selection Policy

Rules

7.1 Offences


7.1.1 List of Offences

7.1.1.1 Any promoter, club, licensee, rider, member or support person, who:

  1. Breaches any of these Rules, Policies or any Supplementary Regulations,
  2. Acts in a manner which is prejudicial to the sport or breaches the Code of Conduct,
  3. Behaves in an offensive or abusive manner toward any competitor or any official exercising authority under these Rules,
  4. Bribes or attempts to bribe, directly or indirectly, any competitor, Controlling Body, appellate body or official exercising authority under these Rules,
  5. Offers, receives or offers to receive, directly or indirectly, any bribe in respect of the exercise of any authority under these Rules,
  6. Enters, or attempts to enter, any ineligible person, body or machine in any competition or recreational activity,
  7. Acts in a reckless or dangerous manner while participating,
  8. Disobeys the lawful direction, order or requirement of any Controlling Body, appellate body, inspector or official under these Rules,
  9. Obstructs or misleads any official in the exercise of any of the powers and duties conferred on that official by these Rules,
  10. Assaults any participant or spectator or any official exercising authority under these Rules,
  11. Without reasonable cause, fails to participate in a competition for which entrant fees have been paid by or on behalf of that person or body or in the case of Speedway a competitor who has nominated for that competition,
  12. Does any act, the direct or indirect purpose of which is to breach or cause to be breached any agreement between any Promoter, entrant, or rider in respect of any competition or recreational event,
  13. Participates in any competition or recreational event for which that person or body has failed to complete an entry form or pay entrant fees,
  14. Being a Promoter advertises, and/or programs riders who have not entered the meeting,
  15. Being a Promoter, club, entrant, or rider knowingly publishes false information concerning the results of any competition,
  16. Promotes, participates in, or officiates at any competition which is capable of being sanctioned by MA but which is not authorized under these Rules,
  17. Uses other than the prescribed fuel in any competition,
  18. Fails to comply with the direction of an authorised official to submit to a fuel test under these Rules,
  19. Being an entrant causes or permits the rider entered by the entrant, or any Support person of that rider not to comply with these rules
  20. Being a competitor or participating rider where any of their Support persons fails to comply with any of these Rules
  21. Commits a doping offence under MA’s Anti-Doping Policy,
  22. Being an official who knowingly:
    1. Signs a record of measurement as a personal record when it was not,
    2. Assists in the promotion or conduct of any competition which is not authorised under these Rules, or
    3. Fails to comply with these Rules, is liable to be penalised under these Rules.
7.1.1.2 Should a Support person breach any rule, the entrant, rider, licensee or competitor, may in addition to the Support person be held responsible and sanctioned in accordance with these GCRs.
7.1.1.3 Subject to Rule 7.1.1.4, a prosecution for any alleged offence under Rule 7.1.1.1 committed during the course of a meeting must:

  1. If instituted by the Clerk of Course, be:
    1. Heard and determined by the Clerk of Course, or
    2. Referred to the Steward, or
  2. If instituted by the Steward, be
    1. Heard and determined by the Steward, or
    2. Referred to the Relevant Controlling Body, or
  3. If instituted by a duly appointed Inspector, be heard and determined by the Relevant Controlling Body.
7.1.1.4 A prosecution for any alleged offence under GCR 7.1.1.1 committed during the course of a meeting being part of an MA Series must:

  1. If instituted by the Clerk of the Course, be:
    1. Heard and determined by the Clerk of Course, or
    2. Referred to the Steward, or
  2. If instituted by the Race Director; be referred to the Steward, or
  3. If instituted by the Steward, be
    1. Heard and determined by the Steward, or
    2. Referred to the Relevant Controlling Body, or
  4. If instituted by a duly appointed Inspector, be heard and determined by the Relevant Controlling Body.

7.1.2 Imposition of Penalties during Events

7.1.2.1 In any event during the course of a meeting, a Steward or Clerk of Course may fine, exclude, impose penalty or time points on, or relegate, any competitor, if:

  1. The whole or any part of that competitor’s machine has left the track and thereby gained an advantage, unless such action was:
    1. For the safety of other competitors, or
    2. Due to the action of other competitors,
  2. The competitor has gained an advantage as a result of an unfair start,
  3. The competitor has been guilty of unfair or unsafe conduct,
  4. The competitor receives outside assistance other than:
    1. By a relevant official at the start of an event, or
    2. In the interests of safety,
  5. The competitor’s machine is dangerous,
  6. The competitor’s machine does not comply with the requirements of these Rules or any supplementary regulations,
  7. The competitor has unreasonably refused to submit to a medical test required by the Steward under these Rules,
  8. The competitor, or the competitor’s team, has breached the refueling Rule.
7.1.2.2 For the purposes of GCR 7.1.2.1, outside assistance includes radio communication, provided that supplementary regulations may permit outside assistance.
7.1.2.3 No person may protest against, or appeal from, a decision to impose a penalty during an event.
7.1.2.4 For the purpose of this GCR a decision does not operate as such unless and until it is notified to the competitor affected by it or to that competitor’s team, providing such notification is practicable within the context of the event.

7.1.3 Hearing and Determination of Charges during Meetings

7.1.3.1 In any proceeding relating to the imposition of penalties for offences committed during the course of a meeting:

  1. The Steward or Clerk of Course:
    1. May act on their own initiative,
    2. May act on such information and in such manner as they think fit having regard to the conduct for which a penalty is to be imposed,
    3. Must, in respect of all prosecutions other than those under GCR 7.3.2, conduct a hearing,
    4. Must, as soon as practicable after determining the penalty, inform the person, rider or competitor and the competitor’s team of the penalty imposed, and
    5. May not impose any fine greater than the maximum prescribed in by-laws.
  2. No person may be represented by a legal practitioner.

7.1.4 Inspectors

7.1.4.1 A Controlling Body may, by written authority, appoint Inspectors.
7.1.4.2 The powers and duties of Inspectors are:

  1. To institute prosecutions for offences under these Rules other than offences alleged to have been committed by competitors during the course of an event, and
  2. To collect and collate evidence reasonably required for the preparation of any prosecutions under these Rules, and to present such evidence to the Relevant Controlling Body,
  3. To investigate the conduct of meetings and make recommendations to the Relevant Controlling Body.
7.1.4.3 In performing duties under these Rules, an Inspector:

  1. May ask questions and give directions as reasonably required,
  2. Must comply with all directions of any appellate body, and
  3. Must maintain proper and accurate records of all investigations undertaken and any proceedings arising there from.

7.1.5 Charges

7.1.5.1 Charges for offences under these Rules, other than by Stewards, Race Director or Clerks of Course may only be instituted by Inspectors.
7.1.5.2 In relation to any charge instituted by an Inspector:

  1. The offence will not be taken to have been committed unless proved to the satisfaction of the Relevant Controlling Body,
  2. The person charged may be represented by a legal practitioner or other advocate or may be unrepresented,
  3. The person charged may:
    1. Give evidence,
    2. Call any witness,
    3. Produce any exhibit, or
    4. Remain silent, and no adverse inference may be drawn from the exercise of the right of silence.
  4. The Relevant Controlling Body must:
    1. Deliver written reasons for the finding to the person charged, whether of guilty or innocent, and any penalty imposed.
  5. The Relevant Controlling Body may refer charges to its appellate body.

7.1.6 Penalties

7.1.6.1 In imposing any penalty, the Steward, Clerk of Course, Relevant Controlling Body or the appellate body must have regard to the following principles:

  1. No penalty should be imposed unless and until the offender has been given the opportunity to make representations as to the nature and extent of the penalty,
  2. In ordinary circumstances a single penalty should be imposed for a single offence,
  3. The punishment for an offence should be commensurate with the gravity and effects of the offence,
  4. The interests of the sport are paramount,
  5. The severity of penalties imposed on an individual should increase if that individual continues to commit offences against these Rules,
  6. Mitigating factors put by, or on behalf of an offender, must be taken into account, as must the effects on others of the actions of the offender.
7.1.6.2 The Clerk of Course may impose the following penalties for any offence committed under these Rules:

  1. A reprimand,
  2. A fine no greater than $1,000,
  3. Relegation,
  4. Exclusion.
  5. Removal or ejection from the venue
7.1.6.3 The Steward may impose the following penalties for any offence committed under these Rules:

  1. A reprimand,
  2. A fine no greater than $2,000,
  3. Relegation,
  4. Exclusion,
  5. Suspension of no more than six (6) months.
  6. Removal or ejection from the venue
7.1.6.4 The Relevant Controlling Body may impose the following penalties for any offence committed under these Rules:

  1. A reprimand,
  2. A fine no greater than $7,000,
  3. Relegation,
  4. Exclusion,
  5. Suspension of no more than 24 months.
7.1.6.5 The Relevant Controlling Body may determine a period during which a licence will not be issued to persons falsely completing a licence declaration under GCR 3.1.1.9. b).
7.1.6.6 An appellate body may impose the following penalties for any offence committed under these Rules:

  1. A reprimand,
  2. A fine no greater than $10,000,
  3. Relegation,
  4. Exclusion,
  5. Suspension,
  6. Disqualification.
7.1.6.7 In imposing a penalty under these Rules an appellate body may:

  1. Fix a time for payment of any fine,
  2. Suspend the operation of any penalty unconditionally or subject to terms and conditions,
  3. Fix a time for the commencement of any penalty, but in the absence of such fixing, the penalty will commence from the moment of its pronouncement,
  4. Impose such conditions as are in the circumstances just and expedient,
  5. Require the offender to deliver any document, record, material, object, piece of equipment, machine or thing as is reasonably necessary to ensure:
    1. That the penalty is carried into full force and effect,
    2. That all persons or bodies affected are made aware of the penalty, and
    3. That any consequential orders or directions are complied with.
  6. Make such consequential orders or directions as the appellate body considers necessary and reasonable for the full and effectual operation of the penalty.
7.1.6.8 Unless otherwise ordered:

  1. Every decision of an appellate body will take effect from the moment of pronouncement of the penalty,
  2. The operation of a decision of an appellate body will be suspended upon the lodging of a notice of appeal against the decision.

7.1.7 Penalties: Juniors

7.1.7.1 The Steward may fine or exclude any junior competitor for the actions of the agents or parents of the competitor.

7.1.8 Default Penalties

7.1.8.1 Any person or body having power to impose any fine under these Rules must fix a time within which the fine is to be paid.
7.1.8.2 An Relevant Controlling Body may impose, as a penalty in default of payment of the fine within that time, a penalty of suspension or disqualification, which may be double the period the payment of the fine was in default.

7.1.9 Tests for Prohibited Substances

7.1.9.1 A person who commits a doping offence contrary to the MA Anti-Doping Policy [Chapter 25] will be sanctioned by MA in accordance with that policy which is published in this manual.
7.1.9.2 For the purposes of this GCR:

  1. A State Controlling Body may, by instrument in writing, delegate to MA its authority to administer tests under this GCR, and in that case, MA will be deemed to be the Relevant Controlling Body in relation to the administration of tests,
  2. The Relevant Controlling Body is responsible for the receipt of the results of tests.

7.1.10 Prohibited substances

7.1.10.1 Refer to the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) Prohibited List under Chapter 25 for prohibited substances.

7.1.11 Fines

7.1.11.1 Fines are payable to the Relevant Controlling Body.

7.1.12 Suspension and Disqualification

7.1.12.1 An order for suspension of any person or body will operate throughout the period thereof so as to prevent that person or body from participating in any competition or recreational event.
7.1.12.2 An order for suspension or disqualification from competition may operate so as to prevent from participation in competition a machine or machines of a particular manufacturer provided that no such order may be made unless the appellate body is satisfied that the offence or offences leading to the making of the order were committed with the knowledge, or at the instigation, of the manufacturer or the manufacturer’s agent.
7.1.12.3 Any person or body who is the subject of:

  1. An order of exclusion, or
  2. An order for suspension or disqualification for any offence committed at, connected with, or arising from, any competition; is liable to forfeit the right to receive or retain any award, trophy or prize in respect of that competition.
7.1.12.4 If any penalty imposed alters the result of any competition, the Relevant Controlling Body must, as soon as practicable after being notified of the penalty, alter the record of that competition so as to reflect the alteration

7.1 Offences


7.1.1 List of Offences

7.1.1.1 Any promoter, club, licensee, rider, member or support person, who:

  1. Breaches any of these Rules, Policies or any Supplementary Regulations,
  2. Acts in a manner which is prejudicial to the sport or breaches the Code of Conduct,
  3. Behaves in an offensive or abusive manner toward any competitor or any official exercising authority under these Rules,
  4. Bribes or attempts to bribe, directly or indirectly, any competitor, Controlling Body, appellate body or official exercising authority under these Rules,
  5. Offers, receives or offers to receive, directly or indirectly, any bribe in respect of the exercise of any authority under these Rules,
  6. Enters, or attempts to enter, any ineligible person, body or machine in any competition or recreational activity,
  7. Acts in a reckless or dangerous manner while participating,
  8. Disobeys the lawful direction, order or requirement of any Controlling Body, appellate body, inspector or official under these Rules,
  9. Obstructs or misleads any official in the exercise of any of the powers and duties conferred on that official by these Rules,
  10. Assaults any participant or spectator or any official exercising authority under these Rules,
  11. Without reasonable cause, fails to participate in a competition for which entrant fees have been paid by or on behalf of that person or body or in the case of Speedway a competitor who has nominated for that competition,
  12. Does any act, the direct or indirect purpose of which is to breach or cause to be breached any agreement between any Promoter, entrant, or rider in respect of any competition or recreational event,
  13. Participates in any competition or recreational event for which that person or body has failed to complete an entry form or pay entrant fees,
  14. Being a Promoter advertises, and/or programs riders who have not entered the meeting,
  15. Being a Promoter, club, entrant, or rider knowingly publishes false information concerning the results of any competition,
  16. Promotes, participates in, or officiates at any competition which is capable of being sanctioned by MA but which is not authorized under these Rules,
  17. Uses other than the prescribed fuel in any competition,
  18. Fails to comply with the direction of an authorised official to submit to a fuel test under these Rules,
  19. Being an entrant causes or permits the rider entered by the entrant, or any Support person of that rider not to comply with these rules
  20. Being a competitor or participating rider where any of their Support persons fails to comply with any of these Rules
  21. Commits a doping offence under MA’s Anti-Doping Policy,
  22. Being an official who knowingly:
    1. Signs a record of measurement as a personal record when it was not,
    2. Assists in the promotion or conduct of any competition which is not authorised under these Rules, or
    3. Fails to comply with these Rules, is liable to be penalised under these Rules.
7.1.1.2 Should a Support person breach any rule, the entrant, rider, licensee or competitor, may in addition to the Support person be held responsible and sanctioned in accordance with these GCRs.
7.1.1.3 Subject to Rule 7.1.1.4, a prosecution for any alleged offence under Rule 7.1.1.1 committed during the course of a meeting must:

  1. If instituted by the Clerk of Course, be:
    1. Heard and determined by the Clerk of Course, or
    2. Referred to the Steward, or
  2. If instituted by the Steward, be
    1. Heard and determined by the Steward, or
    2. Referred to the Relevant Controlling Body, or
  3. If instituted by a duly appointed Inspector, be heard and determined by the Relevant Controlling Body.
7.1.1.4 A prosecution for any alleged offence under GCR 7.1.1.1 committed during the course of a meeting being part of an MA Series must:

  1. If instituted by the Clerk of the Course, be:
    1. Heard and determined by the Clerk of Course, or
    2. Referred to the Steward, or
  2. If instituted by the Race Director; be referred to the Steward, or
  3. If instituted by the Steward, be
    1. Heard and determined by the Steward, or
    2. Referred to the Relevant Controlling Body, or
  4. If instituted by a duly appointed Inspector, be heard and determined by the Relevant Controlling Body.

7.1.2 Imposition of Penalties during Events

7.1.2.1 In any event during the course of a meeting, a Steward or Clerk of Course may fine, exclude, impose penalty or time points on, or relegate, any competitor, if:

  1. The whole or any part of that competitor’s machine has left the track and thereby gained an advantage, unless such action was:
    1. For the safety of other competitors, or
    2. Due to the action of other competitors,
  2. The competitor has gained an advantage as a result of an unfair start,
  3. The competitor has been guilty of unfair or unsafe conduct,
  4. The competitor receives outside assistance other than:
    1. By a relevant official at the start of an event, or
    2. In the interests of safety,
  5. The competitor’s machine is dangerous,
  6. The competitor’s machine does not comply with the requirements of these Rules or any supplementary regulations,
  7. The competitor has unreasonably refused to submit to a medical test required by the Steward under these Rules,
  8. The competitor, or the competitor’s team, has breached the refueling Rule.
7.1.2.2 For the purposes of GCR 7.1.2.1, outside assistance includes radio communication, provided that supplementary regulations may permit outside assistance.
7.1.2.3 No person may protest against, or appeal from, a decision to impose a penalty during an event.
7.1.2.4 For the purpose of this GCR a decision does not operate as such unless and until it is notified to the competitor affected by it or to that competitor’s team, providing such notification is practicable within the context of the event.

7.1.3 Hearing and Determination of Charges during Meetings

7.1.3.1 In any proceeding relating to the imposition of penalties for offences committed during the course of a meeting:

  1. The Steward or Clerk of Course:
    1. May act on their own initiative,
    2. May act on such information and in such manner as they think fit having regard to the conduct for which a penalty is to be imposed,
    3. Must, in respect of all prosecutions other than those under GCR 7.3.2, conduct a hearing,
    4. Must, as soon as practicable after determining the penalty, inform the person, rider or competitor and the competitor’s team of the penalty imposed, and
    5. May not impose any fine greater than the maximum prescribed in by-laws.
  2. No person may be represented by a legal practitioner.

7.1.4 Inspectors

7.1.4.1 A Controlling Body may, by written authority, appoint Inspectors.
7.1.4.2 The powers and duties of Inspectors are:

  1. To institute prosecutions for offences under these Rules other than offences alleged to have been committed by competitors during the course of an event, and
  2. To collect and collate evidence reasonably required for the preparation of any prosecutions under these Rules, and to present such evidence to the Relevant Controlling Body,
  3. To investigate the conduct of meetings and make recommendations to the Relevant Controlling Body.
7.1.4.3 In performing duties under these Rules, an Inspector:

  1. May ask questions and give directions as reasonably required,
  2. Must comply with all directions of any appellate body, and
  3. Must maintain proper and accurate records of all investigations undertaken and any proceedings arising there from.

7.1.5 Charges

7.1.5.1 Charges for offences under these Rules, other than by Stewards, Race Director or Clerks of Course may only be instituted by Inspectors.
7.1.5.2 In relation to any charge instituted by an Inspector:

  1. The offence will not be taken to have been committed unless proved to the satisfaction of the Relevant Controlling Body,
  2. The person charged may be represented by a legal practitioner or other advocate or may be unrepresented,
  3. The person charged may:
    1. Give evidence,
    2. Call any witness,
    3. Produce any exhibit, or
    4. Remain silent, and no adverse inference may be drawn from the exercise of the right of silence.
  4. The Relevant Controlling Body must:
    1. Deliver written reasons for the finding to the person charged, whether of guilty or innocent, and any penalty imposed.
  5. The Relevant Controlling Body may refer charges to its appellate body.

7.1.6 Penalties

7.1.6.1 In imposing any penalty, the Steward, Clerk of Course, Relevant Controlling Body or the appellate body must have regard to the following principles:

  1. No penalty should be imposed unless and until the offender has been given the opportunity to make representations as to the nature and extent of the penalty,
  2. In ordinary circumstances a single penalty should be imposed for a single offence,
  3. The punishment for an offence should be commensurate with the gravity and effects of the offence,
  4. The interests of the sport are paramount,
  5. The severity of penalties imposed on an individual should increase if that individual continues to commit offences against these Rules,
  6. Mitigating factors put by, or on behalf of an offender, must be taken into account, as must the effects on others of the actions of the offender.
7.1.6.2 The Clerk of Course may impose the following penalties for any offence committed under these Rules:

  1. A reprimand,
  2. A fine no greater than $1,000,
  3. Relegation,
  4. Exclusion.
  5. Removal or ejection from the venue
7.1.6.3 The Steward may impose the following penalties for any offence committed under these Rules:

  1. A reprimand,
  2. A fine no greater than $2,000,
  3. Relegation,
  4. Exclusion,
  5. Suspension of no more than six (6) months.
  6. Removal or ejection from the venue
7.1.6.4 The Relevant Controlling Body may impose the following penalties for any offence committed under these Rules:

  1. A reprimand,
  2. A fine no greater than $7,000,
  3. Relegation,
  4. Exclusion,
  5. Suspension of no more than 24 months.
7.1.6.5 The Relevant Controlling Body may determine a period during which a licence will not be issued to persons falsely completing a licence declaration under GCR 3.1.1.9. b).
7.1.6.6 An appellate body may impose the following penalties for any offence committed under these Rules:

  1. A reprimand,
  2. A fine no greater than $10,000,
  3. Relegation,
  4. Exclusion,
  5. Suspension,
  6. Disqualification.
7.1.6.7 In imposing a penalty under these Rules an appellate body may:

  1. Fix a time for payment of any fine,
  2. Suspend the operation of any penalty unconditionally or subject to terms and conditions,
  3. Fix a time for the commencement of any penalty, but in the absence of such fixing, the penalty will commence from the moment of its pronouncement,
  4. Impose such conditions as are in the circumstances just and expedient,
  5. Require the offender to deliver any document, record, material, object, piece of equipment, machine or thing as is reasonably necessary to ensure:
    1. That the penalty is carried into full force and effect,
    2. That all persons or bodies affected are made aware of the penalty, and
    3. That any consequential orders or directions are complied with.
  6. Make such consequential orders or directions as the appellate body considers necessary and reasonable for the full and effectual operation of the penalty.
7.1.6.8 Unless otherwise ordered:

  1. Every decision of an appellate body will take effect from the moment of pronouncement of the penalty,
  2. The operation of a decision of an appellate body will be suspended upon the lodging of a notice of appeal against the decision.

7.1.7 Penalties: Juniors

7.1.7.1 The Steward may fine or exclude any junior competitor for the actions of the agents or parents of the competitor.

7.1.8 Default Penalties

7.1.8.1 Any person or body having power to impose any fine under these Rules must fix a time within which the fine is to be paid.
7.1.8.2 An Relevant Controlling Body may impose, as a penalty in default of payment of the fine within that time, a penalty of suspension or disqualification, which may be double the period the payment of the fine was in default.

7.1.9 Tests for Prohibited Substances

7.1.9.1 A person who commits a doping offence contrary to the MA Anti-Doping Policy [Chapter 25] will be sanctioned by MA in accordance with that policy which is published in this manual.
7.1.9.2 For the purposes of this GCR:

  1. A State Controlling Body may, by instrument in writing, delegate to MA its authority to administer tests under this GCR, and in that case, MA will be deemed to be the Relevant Controlling Body in relation to the administration of tests,
  2. The Relevant Controlling Body is responsible for the receipt of the results of tests.

7.1.10 Prohibited substances

7.1.10.1 Refer to the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) Prohibited List under Chapter 25 for prohibited substances.

7.1.11 Fines

7.1.11.1 Fines are payable to the Relevant Controlling Body.

7.1.12 Suspension and Disqualification

7.1.12.1 An order for suspension of any person or body will operate throughout the period thereof so as to prevent that person or body from participating in any competition or recreational event.
7.1.12.2 An order for suspension or disqualification from competition may operate so as to prevent from participation in competition a machine or machines of a particular manufacturer provided that no such order may be made unless the appellate body is satisfied that the offence or offences leading to the making of the order were committed with the knowledge, or at the instigation, of the manufacturer or the manufacturer’s agent.
7.1.12.3 Any person or body who is the subject of:

  1. An order of exclusion, or
  2. An order for suspension or disqualification for any offence committed at, connected with, or arising from, any competition; is liable to forfeit the right to receive or retain any award, trophy or prize in respect of that competition.
7.1.12.4 If any penalty imposed alters the result of any competition, the Relevant Controlling Body must, as soon as practicable after being notified of the penalty, alter the record of that competition so as to reflect the alteration